Saturday, 22 June 2013

Assignment 4: Light

I spent a long time on the choosing of a subject for this assignment, I wanted something both visually interesting, and practically challenging as I wanted to stretch myself more than with the previous assignments.

I'm pleased with the subject I chose, as it pushed me creatively, largely because I was aware that it would be easy for it to look as though I was relying on the quality of subject to carry the images.
I think I've been able to produce images which illustrate the qualities asked for effectively.
I've allowed myself a little more creativity in my post-production than I might in other assignments, as I felt it was more appropriate in this assignment.

I have tried to use a few different types of light source, including flash, tungsten, LED and both indoor and outdoor natural light.

Rather than divide the photos rigidly by the four characteristics asked for in the brief (form, texture, shape and colour) I've interpreted it a little more loosely and will attempt to explain which of these apply to each image in turn. I've also added one more image than the brief calls for, but I think they're all worthy of  inclusion. I took many more that didn't make the cut!


Canon 5Dii 55mm f/5.6 1/200 iso500
Strobe w/ 15" softbox boomed directly above subject

The word Chiaroscuro is, pleasingly, a 'copulative compound' of the Italian words for light and dark. It refers to both the use of high contrast in images, and the use of light to accentuate the three-dimensionality or form of the subject of a painting or photograph.
Despite being a relatively large light source, the texture of the subject is revealed by the single direction of the light.
I went with a tight crop for this image as I think it adds to its intimidating style.



Canon 5Dii 70mm f/2.8 1/200 iso800
3x Tungsten Worklight

I originally intended to frame this image to exclude the light sources but once I'd set it up I decided they should be in the shot.
Only the camera left and the near camera right lamps are on the subject, with the camera left lamp set back and the camera right lamp set forward to sculpt the form of the subject. The far camera right lamp is lighting the near camera right lamp to provide more interest in that part of the frame.

I deliberately allowed the near camera right light to spill onto the container to show the yellow lichen which I think looks good against the blue.

I tried removing the numbers from the container door in post, but I think they do more good than harm.



 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.5.6 1/125 iso1250
Window Light

I was inspired by Nigel Shafran's Compost Pictures [2008-2009] to seek a location with smooth tiles (to juxtapose with the rough texture of the subject) and natural light. I say inspired, when the truth is I felt like I'd been hit by a bus looking at it. I need to explore why I feel his simple photos of the most mundane subject imaginable seem so much better than anything I've ever done creatively. I wouldn't mind so much but I'm not able to even understand what it is about them I find so striking. 
Although the light is coming from the window, it is actually quite similar the the small softbox used in the Chiaroscuro image, as although the window is larger it's also further from the subject which means it's relative size is not that different. Obviously the angle is very different, but the quality of light is almost identical, giving form to the subject and  revealing it's texture.



 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2 1/80 iso640
Small window high camera left, white reflector camera right.

It struck me early on in my efforts to come up with ideas that I could make an attempt at recreating the Dutch painter Rembrandt's distinctive portraiture look, although the typical 'Rembrandt triangle' of light on the dark side of the subject's face is obviously a little difficult to achieve with a giraffe.
This style is very good at showing the subjects form.
It took me a while to find a backdrop I was happy with, I wanted a more scholarly library look, but I think these higgledy-piggledy piles work ok. The back drop needed some fairly heavy burning in post as it was too busy and competitive with the subject, with hindsight a large flag between the window and bookshelves would have solved this problem.
I faded the blacks using a J shaped tone curve on the RGB channel in Lightroom as I thought this would suit the technique.



Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2 1/4 iso800
Single LED through wicker chair

In the feedback from my previous assignment my tutor suggested I familiarise myself with the work of the French photographer Fernand Fonssagrives, much of whom's images involve placing patterned objects between hard, small light sources and his subjects. The use of these 'gobos' creates high contrast images in which the contours of the subject are highlighted though the distortion of the regular patterns of light, revealing the subject's form.
I knew the smaller the lightsource I used, the harder the shadows would be so I decided to use the LED light on my mobile phone. This meant the room had to be completely dark, and a very slow shutter speed was necessary.
I used my jacket to flag the light, to stop it spilling onto the wall behind the subject.
I experimented with the positioning of the light relative to the subject and eventually decided on this 'narrow' angle whereby the light is pointed at the side of the subjects face furthest from the camera.



 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2 1/30 iso3200
2x Source Four PAR above and behind subject

While thinking about how to show the shape of the subject, I thought the best way was to try to create a silhouette. Although this is not a true silhouette, as the lights above, and the bounce from the platform beneath do give some form, the contrast between the bright background and the dark subject gives clear definition to it's shape.


Giraffe on the Tyne

Canon 5Dii 200mm f/4 1/400 iso1000
6.53am -3ÂșC

Honestly, pretty much my first thought after deciding on my subject was "Hey, I could put him on the Tyne bridge at sunrise". I'm not sure what this says about the workings of my mind, but it amused my colleagues that we had to take a giraffe on tour with us so I'd have him when we reached Newcastle. I enlisted the help of a very good -some would say daft- friend and booked a taxi to take us into town before sunrise. It was bloody freezing! So I positioned my mate and the giraffe on the Tyne bridge (much to the bewilderment of the morning commuters) and sprinted over to another bridge further upriver to get this shot. I had to phone my assistant and have him hold the giraffe above his head to get this, so I had to remove his arms in post.
We mistimed the shoot a bit, getting there too early, but neither of us were dressed for the weather so we went with this. Ideally we'd have waited for the sun to rise into frame but I think it's still a decent attempt.
I wanted the image to have a widescreen look, like a still from a film, but the while the 16x9 crop worked for the image it jarred a bit when viewed as part of the set, so I added the black bars at the top and bottom. I think it works, looking like a widescreen film viewed on a standard tv but I'm interested to hear my tutors thoughts on it. 

Box 5

Canon 5Dii 70mm f/2.8 1/25 iso1000

I wasn't sure whether to include this, as although I think it's a good image, it's more to do with the way the colours of the Grand Opera House in Belfast complement the giraffe, and the fact that the decor includes an Elephant than the lighting that makes it work. But it suppose it works for colour, and the fact that the wall behind the subject is much brighter than him shows his shape well.

Film Noir

Canon 5Dii 24mm f/3.2 1/200 iso500
1 speedlight w/ softbox and 1/4 CTO gel camera right
3x speedlight w/ green gel  camera left

For this image I was inspired by a similar shot in Joe McNally's 2009 book The Hot Shoe Diaries. In the book, the shadow is cast by a man with an axe, with a single green speedlight. I began with a single green light, but the doorway created an ugly square block of light, so added two more crossing over to soften the edges. Although it is still possible to see the edges of the first light I preferred the dark gaps to the alternative which was to overlap the lights which caused over-bright strips each side of the shadow. 
I am pleased at how I dealt with the challenges of the location.

The image is obviously heavily processed, with large adjustments made in all four of the tone curve channels. The processing is based on a simulation of PX-70 instant film, by VSCO.
I was disappointed that I was unable to get the shadow of the giraffe suitably dark in-camera as there was too much light bouncing around with the (white!) walls being so close together, so it was necessary to burn this area in post.



The last part of the brief for this assignment asks for the student to reflect on their work in relation to the assessment criteria laid out in the introduction to the course. There are four categories, which are as follows:

Demonstration of Technical and Visual Skills: 
I think overall the images I've submitted show a reasonable level of technical skill for this stage in the course. The only shot that I would change is Chiaroscuro, which would have benefited from a smaller aperture to keep the full subject in focus. This is something I need to remember for future assignments as it's been flagged up by my tutor before.

Quality of Outcome:
I'm pleased with the quality of the final images, though I need to be better at the written side of things, and to try to be disciplined enough to write about the planning stage of the images. I need to improve my time management and self-motivational skills if I am to bring the quality of my communication of thoughts up to the level of my images. 

Demonstration of Creativity:
I'm not sure about this one, it's difficult to judge myself as I always think I could do better creatively. I tend to go off ideas once I've done them, there were lots of failures along the way and I should have documented those too.

This is definitely my weakest area. Having almost no prior experience of academia, my reflection and critical thinking skills are virtually non-existent and I really struggle with this area. I really find it difficult to find the time for research, and am unable to relate my work to that of other photographers. 

I suppose I should address the fact that I was given a deadline of two months to aim for by my tutor, and missed it by over 3 months. Although some of this is attributable to the amount of other demands on my time, it is certainly more an indictment of my time management than anything else. I will endeavour to improve in this area for the next assignment. 

Saturday, 22 December 2012

Assignment 3: Colour

This purpose of this assignment is to show how certain colour combinations and ratios can be useful in creating strong images.

Colour harmony through complementary colours:

'Complementary' colours are colours which are opposite each other on the 'Colour Circle'

Violet twilight sky with autumnal yellow leaves and streetlight:
Canon 5Dii MF 28mm f.2.8 1/80 iso1000 

I saw this scene from about a mile away, and only having a fixed 35mm equivalent lens, had to put in some serious legwork to fill the frame as I wanted.
 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.11 1/125 iso640

Shot through the windscreen (I wasn't driving!).
Canon 5Dii MF 28mm f.2.8 1/100 iso500

Little red riding hood.
Canon 5Dii MF 28mm f.2.8 1/200 iso100 

Colour harmony through similar colours:

I think this shot captures the colours of autumn really well.
Canon 5Dii 28mm MF f.2.8 1/80 iso400

A cold, grey morning over the Tyne.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/750 iso200

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.4 0.15 iso200

I think the muted colours in this sit well together.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2 1/90 iso1000

Fiery colours.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.1.6 1/50 iso1600

Colour contrast through contrasting colours:

Contrasting colours are those which sit roughly a third of the way round the colour circle from each other .

I love the cracks in this, and that one of the colours is provided by the lighting.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.1.4 1/160 iso500

Each of the primary colours, with the brighter yellow occupying less of the frame.
 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.4 0.1 iso400

Another example of the the three primary colours.
 Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/220 iso200

I love how the orange cigarette butts sit against the purpley-red chair. This is probably my favourite image in this assignment.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2 1/400 iso800

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.16 1/60 iso200

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/125 iso1250

I think the way the frame is divided into solid chunks of colour here is really striking.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2 1/40 iso1250

Colour accent: 

A small area of colour, either harmonious or contrasting, against a large background.

Simple but effective.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.8 1/1500 iso200

Not sure if  the purpose of this window display is to sell children's clothes or promote a Japanese horror  film.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2 1/1600 iso500

This almost looks like I've done some nasty selective colour type processing, but the only thing I've done in post is small S curve to boost the contrast.
Canon 5Dii 28mm MF f.2.8 1/500 iso200 

Not bad for a £10 lens!
Canon 5Dii 135mm MF f.2.8 1/200 iso500 


I thoroughly enjoyed this assignment. I suppose colour is a large part of how I shoot naturally, and it's been really interesting to think about the theory behind it.

Exercise: Colours into tones in black and white

This exercise demonstrates how different coloured filters (in this case digital, but the theory is the same for film) can provide control over the tone of areas in black and white photography.

Top L-R: Original, No Filter
Middle L-R: Yellow Filter, Red Filter
Bottom L-R: Blue Filter, Green Filter

Exercise: Primary and secondary colours

A photograph for each of the primary and secondary colours:

Canon 5Dii 28mm f.2.8 1/200 iso320

Canon 5Dii 24mm f.2.8 1/320 iso800

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.3.6 1/125 iso1250

Canon 5Dii 50mm f.1.8 1/400 iso1000

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.4 1/125 iso640

Canon 5Dii 28mm f.2.8 1/100 iso400

Friday, 21 December 2012

Exercise: Colour relationships

The first part of this exercise demonstrates J.W. Von Goethe's theory of harmonious colour ratios, based on the perceived brightness of each pair of complementary colours.

Red:Green 1:1

Canon 5Dii 28mm MF f.2.8 1/200 iso100

Orange:Blue 1:2

Canon 5Dii 28mm MF f.2.8 1/100 iso500

Yellow:Violet 1:3

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.4 1/8 iso200

The second part of this exercise asks for images which feature appealing colour combinations.

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.4 0.1 iso400

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/220 iso200

Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2 1/400 iso800

Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2 1/160 iso500

Thursday, 20 December 2012

Exercise: Control the strength of a colour

This exercise shows that varying the exposure changes the intensity of colours.

Canon 5Dii 70mm f.4, 4.5, 5.6, 6.3, 8  1/13 iso200

Tuesday, 18 December 2012

Assignment 2: Elements of design v2

Following my tutor feedback from my first submission for this assignment, I've decided to have another stab at it based on my tutor's comments.
It was suggested that my decision to present my work entirely in monochrome may not have been the best idea, and that some of the images may benefit from being in colour.
As with Assignment 1, some of the images were not up the the standard of the rest, and some of the images I used in the exercises may have been more suitable.
With these points in mind, here is my second attempt:

Single point dominating the composition:

I hope this first shot shows that I understand why colour can be a useful tool in this assignment. 

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/150 iso200

Two points:

I shot this while experimenting with an old manual focus 28mm 2.8 I'd bodged (badly) onto my dslr. I think for this image, the heavy vignetting and lack of infinity focus actually work to enhance the mistiness of the day. 

Canon 5Dii 28mm f.unrecorded 1/8000 iso100

Several points in a deliberate shape:

For this shot, it was necessary to remove the colour as the hi-vis vests worn by three of the men on the left were too much of a draw, unbalancing the image.

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.5.6 1/125 iso400

A combination of vertical and horizontal lines:

 I had used this image in an earlier exercise, and my tutor thought I should include it in my Assignment.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/160 iso200

I decided to include these two shots as well, as the Assignment brief was non-specific about how many images to submit for each theme, and I think they both work well for vertical and horizontal lines, with the architecture echoing the horizontal line of vertical people in the first, and the single person in the second providing a vertical point of interest in the sea of horizontal and vertical lines.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.1.6 1/13 iso1000

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/1300 iso200


Again, this was a shot from a previous exercise which my tutor felt was more suitable than the one I submitted first time.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.5.6 1/600 iso200

I've also included this, which is similar in that it utilises strong diagonal shadow lines.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.5.6 1/850 iso200


This is a colour rendering of the image I used last time.
I think this is quite a dynamic image with the curves sweeping through the frame.
Fujifilm X100 35mm f.2.8 1/125 iso200

This shot is to replace the florist image from my previous submission, which my tutor felt contained too many distracting elements.
Canon 5Dii 24mm f.2.8 0.4s iso800

Distinct, if irregular shapes:

I have moved this image into this category as it fits better than in 'Several points in a deliberate shape'.

Fujifilm X100 35mm f.5.6 1/125 iso400

Implied triangles:

I kept this shot black+white as it works well, and there were a few different coloured light sources which detracted from the look of the image. 

Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2 1/125 iso500

This image replaces the previous one, which as my tutor pointed out was an actual triangle, not an implied one.
Canon 5Dii 70mm f.5.6 1/500 iso100


I've reprocessed this shot, making it slightly brighter and less contrasty. I tried it in colour but the different hues of the tights disrupted the rhythm of the legs.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.3.5 1/50 iso320
I've included this shot on my tutor's  recommendation.
Canon 5Dii 50mm f.5.6 1/125 iso100


Again, I tried this in colour but some shoes were much more eye-catching than others which spoilt the effect.

Canon 5Dii 50mm f.2.5 1/100 iso100


This assignment was a very productive experience for me, I've learnt to see with more awareness. 
I'm fairly happy with the work I've produced, I think it's more consistent than my previous work which was flagged by my tutor as something to watch. It was also suggested I try and use light more effectively and I think I've succeeded in using it to enhance my images.

I've still got a long way to go regarding my time management but I don't think that's had much of a negative affect on my work this time.

I'm very much looking forward to the next assignment, which is Colour. I've been shooting pictures for it alongside the work I've done for this project, and I'm really pleased with some of them. It'll be interesting to see if any of them make it into my final selection for the assignment.